Depression

 

 

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression. It affects how you feel, think and behave. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and it may interfere with an individual’s ability to participate in normal day-to-day activities. In severe cases of depression, people may experience suicidal ideations and feel as if life isn’t worth living.

Depression is more than just a bout of the blues, it is not a weakness and is not something that someone can simply “snap out” of.  Major depression can be a serious condition, but it is treatable and most people see positive results from treatment. 

An estimated 16 million American adults, approximately 7% of the population, experienced at least 1 major depressive episode over the last year. Women are 70% more likely than men to experience depression, and young adults aged 18–25 are 60% more likely to have depression than people aged 50 or older.

Symptoms:

Although depression may occur only one time during your life, typically people have multiple episodes of depression. During these episodes, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day and may include:

  • Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness
  • Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Tiredness and lack of energy, so even small tasks take extra effort
  • Changes in appetite — often reduced appetite and weight loss, but increased cravings for food and weight gain in some people
  • Anxiety, agitation or restlessness
  • Slowed thinking, speaking or body movements
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or blaming yourself for things that aren’t your responsibility
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things
  • Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as back pain or headaches

For many people with depression, symptoms usually are severe enough to cause noticeable problems in day-to-day activities, such as work, school, social activities or relationships with others. Other people may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why.

Treatment:

MPS PLLC clinicians specialize in the psychotherapy treatment of depression. Effective treatment methods include: 

  • Psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness therapies, interpersonal, solution-focused therapy, amongst other therapy modalities
  • Exercise, physical exercise has been proven to alleviate symptoms of depression
  • Alternative therapies, including acupuncture, meditation, and nutrition

See more at: http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression and mayoclinic.org/depression